Posted: April 22, 2003
Athletics: Pulling Down the Age Barriers
by Paul Grech
What happens to an athlete when the years start to catch up and he can no longer keep the pace? Does he simply give up and quit? That's what used to happen some years back when the only alternatives open to those eager to stay involved in their sport were to either take up coaching or else a role in administration.
Times change and so too people's perceptions. Today, a lot of emphasis is being put on the health benefits of staying physically active. As a result, the number of activities with the aim of involving those that the politically correct define as veterans are also increasing.
These largely evolved in America, where there are a number of professional circuits for masters in various sports, with golf and tennis being the most popular. Now Europe is getting in the picture and athletics is proving to be particularly popular.
During March, the fourth edition of the European Veterans' Indoor Championships were held in San Sebastien (Spain). These saw a record number of participants, further evidence of the increasing popularity of veterans' athletics.
Winston Thomas was among those working to ensure the success of the San Sebastien championships. As the technical director of the European Veterans Athletic Association, it falls upon Thomas to co-ordinate various aspects of any official event, from planning to deciding whether any special invitations are to be issued. In other words, he has to see that any EVAA championships is organised as smoothly as possible thus allowing the athletes to compete without any difficulties.
This serves as an indication of how seriously veterans' athletics are taken. Yet the concept is still relatively in its infancy.
"Veterans' athletics world wide is immensely popular. We have been trying to build an up to date register of affiliated competitors in Europe, but many affiliates have not supplied us with their membership numbers. However, we can say that the Veteran scene has grown and is growing faster than main stream athletics. We can say that there are over 40.000 known veterans competing in Europe although my guess is that the real figure is a lot higher."
There are various reasons for this. Health considerations are among the most popular. "Athletics should be a sport for life," says Bridget Cushen, secretary of the British Veterans Athletics Federation. "To run, to jump, to throw are all natural human instincts. People are now becoming more leisure orientated and more health conscious. It is setting a good example to their children. At an international seminar on obesity held in Switzerland last year, studies showed that children born to physically active sports parents, tend not to be obese. Fit people recover faster after an operation than a non-competitive person, for example."
But there are other motivations. "Firstly, in many countries people have more leisure time from work. This is where the masters' and veterans' scene has grown in all sports," Thomas explained. "Many people have seen what the older one are doing in many sports and take up jogging for fun, playing tennis, golf, swimming and so on. In general they get to a stage where they want a bigger challenge and enter an event, and once they see the camaraderie and the feeling that it is not all about competing they carry on training to keep fit and healthy. Many times they travel to national or European competition just to watch and see what the competition is all about. In athletics they try to get a time running, throwing or jumping with others. This is why you will see in many road races up to sixty percent veteran runners, walkers and joggers."
Hardly surprising. Athletics, particularly road races, features among the easiest sports to get into. One starts with a walk in the morning, slowly picking up paces until reaching the point where he's running comfortable along the roads of his home town or paths of the local park. And without any pressure to win or of letting team mates down.
Yet veterans' athletics isn't limited to road races. It includes every other track and field event, although with some special considerations. "In athletics we have competitions in 5 year age group, we also have the age grading tables in one and five year age groups, this show what a particular performance is worth at the open age, say when the person was around 26-30 year old, and is based on a percentage of the specific world record. For the running event other than the hurdles there are no allowances, the hurdles height and distances are varied down the age groups. In the Field events the Javelin, Hammer, Discus and shot putt weights are varied down the age groups, these are the main considerations between the age groups."
The only major distinction made is when it comes to the age in which one can be classified as a veteran. Whereas men of over forty are considered as veterans, for women this is lowered to thirty five. Cushen explained that it isn't down to "any physiological or physical reasons, but simple economics. Veteran athletes are not selected to represent their country at veteran World or European Championships. They have to pay all their own expenses. At the first World Championships in Toronto in 1975, it was found that wives tended to be, on average, three years younger than their spouse. They did not wish to sit in the stands watching their 40-year old husband competing, they demanded that a younger age group be formed."
"Also, in some countries Bye-Laws demand that sports people over a certain age are only allowed to train in a stadium on production of a Medical Certificate. Women who had a break from competitive athletic to raise a family, for instance, found that some doctors were reluctant to issue them a Certificate as they were nearly 40, had three children and were unfit! There was also a very high drop out rate once women had left college or university unless they were of international standard. A wait of over 20 years without the stimuli of competition would prove too much."
Although most of the participants take up the sport as a hobby, the organisation of events is taken very seriously. If a medal is to be awarded, results have to be within a pre-set standard. This to guarantee a certain level of performance whilst at the same time seeing that the sport gets the respect that it deserves.
Unfortunately, often this is lacking. There is still a patronising attitude towards veterans' athletics and few appreciate the genuine athletic effort of the participants. Winston Thomas believes that the associations should do more to address this problem. "We - the governing bodies, many affiliations and organisers - are guilty of letting this happen. For example, when a television crew arrives it is very rare that they take and use footage of the younger age groups, they generally go for the older age groups and many time with some thing silly happening, (like hitting a hurdle) It should be that the organisers make some agreement with and broadcaster to show a broad view. In other ways the word "Veterans" also has a patronising tone in many countries, as people do not hear so much about veteran sport and tend to think of the people as old war veterans, this I am afraid still goes on. And this is where governing bodies WMA, EVAA have to also be more active."
And this, according to Thomas, is one of the most crucial challenges that lie ahead of veterans' athletics. "For me the next step is to try to overcome the 'patronisation' in veterans sport, and getting some investment to aid our members, and this may also mean that we too have to change our name to 'Masters', but in doing this we have to make sure that we are in charge of our sport through our affiliated bodies, World Masters Athletics, and the various regions, and that we do not let other bodies dictate and overrun the events, as we see at time with the World Masters Games and possibly any European Masters Games."
"Ideally, we would like to see veteran athletics become an integral part of all national governing bodies," says Cushen backing the point raised by Thomas. "Currently many are separate organisations and they do not receive any Government funding.
Hopefully, financial considerations will not stop the progress of veterans' athletics. And Winston Thomas certainly doesn't plan to let that happen. "My plans for the next 3 years are to try to establish a Masters European Cup, on the lines of the EAA European Cup, to make sure that the athletes competition entry fees kept as low as possible, and to keep the balance of competitions to a viable amount, and not too many competitions each year."
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