Runner's Web

  Updated:   August 13, 2021
Women's Running and Triathlon
Three defining women in the sport of running left to right:
Joan Benoit-Samuelson, Kathrine Switzer, Grete Waitz
Joan Kathrine Grete
  Updated:   July 13, 2021
T: The Story of Testosterone, the Hormone that Dominates and Divides Us  T: The Story of Testosterone, the Hormone that Dominates and Divides Us
By Carole Hooven
Through riveting personal stories and the latest research, Harvard evolutionary biologist Carole Hooven shows how testosterone drives the behavior of the sexes apart and how understanding the science behind this hormone is empowering for all.
Since antiquity?from the eunuchs in the royal courts of ancient China to the booming market for “elixirs of youth” in nineteenth-century Europe?humans have understood that typically masculine behavior depends on testicles, the main source of testosterone in males. Which sex has the highest rates of physical violence, hunger for status, and desire for a high number of sex partners? Just follow the testosterone.
Although we humans can study and reflect on our own behavior, we are also animals, the products of millions of years of evolution. Fascinating research on creatures from chimpanzees to spiny lizards shows how high testosterone helps males out-reproduce their competitors. And men are no exception.
While most people agree that sex differences in human behavior exist, they disagree about the reasons. But the science is clear: testosterone is a potent force in human society, driving the bodies and behavior of the sexes apart. But, as Hooven shows in T, it does so in concert with genes and culture to produce a vast variety of male and female behavior. And, crucially, the fact that many sex differences are grounded in biology provides no support for restrictive gender norms or patriarchal values. In understanding testosterone, we better understand ourselves and one another?and how we might build a fairer, safer society.

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A lecturer and co-director of undergraduate studies at the Department of Human Evolutionary Biology at Harvard University, Hooven, 55, not only earned her PhD at Harvard studying sex differences and testosterone, but has now written a book, Testosterone: The Story of the Hormone that Dominates and Divides Us, in which she devotes chapters to the matter of transgender athletes. Hooven, with her 2,000 followers and thoughtful, level disposition, is among them, but her views on Hubbard - which she’s happy to discuss in the safer surroundings of an interview - are straightforward. "I won’t comment on whether it’s fair," she says, “but I can comment on whether trans women, who have experienced male puberty, would have an advantage, on average, in most sports over natal females: yes they do."
The evidence, she says, is clear. Males and females don’t differ hugely in speed and strength before puberty, “but all that changes when the testes and ovaries come online and begin to produce sperm and eggs, along with different levels of sex hormones. That’s when males pull ahead. Reducing testosterone levels after puberty, as is the case in male-to-female transgender people who suppress their testosterone levels as part of hormone therapy [as Hubbard has], does not eliminate these advantages"

Unsporting: How Trans Activism and Science Denial are Destroying Sport  Unsporting: How Trans Activism and Science Denial are Destroying Sport
By Linda Blade (Author), Barbara Kay (Author)
The face of female sports is changing.
Radical gender activists are using a pseudoscientific theory of human biology to hijack sports and subvert the long-established concepts of fair play — forcing women and girls to risk their safety, pushing them aside for male athletes using the excuse of “inclusivity.”
Anyone who questions this dogma risks being branded as a transphobe and having their social and professional lives “cancelled”.
In the new book, Unsporting: How Trans Activism and Science Denial are Destroying Sport, former Canadian track champion Linda Blade and renowned National Post columnist Barbara Kay, examine the dangers of gender ideology in sports. They document the attack on biological facts upon which the level playing field of sports rests.
Tackling issues few have the courage to say out loud, Unsporting shows the harm inflicted on female athletes, and identifies the institutions driving this movement.
What does the future hold for sports if biological reality is ignored? Blade answers that question, and concludes with a reasonable plan to reverse course.

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Marathon Woman: Running the Race to Revolutionize Women's Sports
By Kathrine Switzer

Book Description
Katherine Switzer ran the Boston Marathon in 1967 where she was attacked by one of the event’s directors who wanted to eject her from the all-male race. She fought off the director and finished the race.
From the childhood events that inspired her to winning the New York City Marathon in 1974, this liberally illustrated book details the struggles and achievements of a pioneering women in sports.

Runner's World:
Kathrine Switzer Has Completed Her Autobiography, "Marathon Woman". The book will be published by Carroll & Graf. "We will launch at the Boston Marathon starting on April 12," Switzer has informed her friends. She became the first woman to officially finish the Boston Marathon in 1967 after she entered the race as "K. V. Switzer." She later developed a global women's running circuit for Avon and campaigned to get a women's marathon in the Olympics. Switzer has been a TV commentator; she authored "26.2 Marathon Stories" with her husband, masters running stalwart Roger Robinson.

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Dr. Joanna Scurr of Portsmouth University UK on her research into the dynamics of breast movement and what sports bras work best.
Visit Bounce Test Sports Bra Videos at HerRoom
1998 The Year of Women in Athletics   IAAF
Active Women   "The Premier Lifestyle And Travel Resource For Women"
ActiveWomen.com  
Alicia Parr: Triathlete   "Age Group competitor in the North Carolina Triathlon Series. Schedule, Results, Photos"
A. S. Minerva Roma - Women's Running & Triathlon   In Italian
Ask the Athelete   WomensRunning.com
Baby Boot Camp   "Premier Pre- and Post-Natal Exercise Program"
BellaOnline.com   Women on the Web
Belle Lap   "We are very excited to share valuable advice, running, and lifestyle tips. We will feature the journey of many international, female runners over the next 12 months"
(The) Bone health in Female Runners Intervention Trial   Volunteers Wanted
Booby Doo - Specialist Suppliers of Sports Bras   "BoobyDoo sports bras, all the support a girl needs"
Bra Diva   "Sports Bras that won't let you down"
Canadian Gender Report  
Canadian Journal for Women in Ciaching  
Canadian Women and Sport Web Site   *You would think that this organization would be about protecting women's sports. You would be wrong!
CanuckRunner.com   "Comprehensive Information To Runners Of All Ages And Ability"
CB Pacing Team  
CBS Sportsline Womens' Sports  
Champion Every Woman  
Christine Runs   "A Site About Running and Health"
CNNSI - SI for Women Ask Dr. Dot  
CNNSI - SI for Women Message Boards  
Colgate Games for Women - New York, NY  
Coolmomsrun.com   "Website For Women Runners"
Danskins Women's Triathlon Series  
Deena Drossin  
Dirty Red Athletic Wear for Women  
Distance Divasl   "Amy Begley's Women's Training and Social Group"
Donnelly, Sharon, James Christie's Globe & Mail Story May, 1998
Donnelly, Sharon, 1997 Canadian Triathlon Champion
Dudley Ladies Running Club - UK   "The largest ladies only road running club in the West Midlands"
Excelle Sports  
FastWomen.com   Women's Elite Distance Running
(The) Female Athlete  
(The) Female Athlete   Coaching Science Abstracts
Femme Athletic   Activewear for Athletic Women
Finish Line Charms   "Over 1,300 gold and silver marathon charms and running charms"
. Fitness4You   "Erin Teschuk and Mariah Kelly"
Flower Sports   Formerly Iron*Girl
For Women Who Tri   Tri Newbies Online
(The) Freihofer’s Run for Women   June 5, 1999
Future is Female   "Motivational Speaking And Fashion Series"
Gender Differences in Endurance Performance & Training
Girlfriends' Locker Room   Philly.com
Girls on the Run International  
Girls on the Run - North East Florida  
Girls on the Run - Ontario  
Health on Oxygen  
Her Active Life  
HerSports.com - Active Sports Lifestyles  
HerTri.com   "The Women's Triathlon Site"
IAAF Year of the Woman Athlete
IAAF Year of the Woman - Conference Presentations
IAAF Year of the Woman - Photo Exhibition
Ingrid Kristiansen  
International Working Group on Women in Sport  
Littlewing Athletics   "Oval running, pavement pounding, trail thrashers living #inBend"
Interviews/First Person Accounts  [Opens New Window]
Anna Weltman's Column
Leah Larocque's Column
Leanne Yohemas-Hayes-The Ironwoman in Me
Lynne Bermel - Former Ironman Triathlete
Lynne Bermel's Weekly Column
Mile Nine Sport Physiotherapy - Dedicated to all things 'Running'   "Sport Physiotherapy and Running Clinic"
Sharon Donnelly, Triathlete -1999 Pan American Games Champion
Tania Jones Interview  
More Women's Running and Triathlon
Iron Girl   "It's Your Turn"
Just Her Sports  
KatherineSwitzer.com  
Kellogg's Special K Online Community for Women  
Kick's! (Now CoolRunning) Womens Running LInks  
Ladies Cycling Net   "Dedicated To The World Of Ladies Cycling"
Lucy Smith - MultiSport Athlete  
Melissa Bishop   Canadian Olympic Runner
Model Alley Fitness Zone  
More Marathon for Women Over 40 - New York City, NY  
Motion Medica Fitness Skin Care Products Cleansers Exfoilators  
MSN Women  
NewsChain   "The Home of Women's Sport"
Nicole DeBoom  
Nike Women  
Ontario Women's Triathlon Series   "Designed By and For Women"
Ottawa Athletic Club Racing Team   Women's Road Racing & Triathlon Club
Ottawa Dirt-Faced Dollies Biking Club - ON   "All-female Ottawa club for avid cyclists: road and mountain biking"
Peak Performance Online Women's References  
Pioneer Valley Women's Running Club - Ma/ Ct  
Relative Performance Rating of Male & Female World Records  
Includes Max VO2
Queen of Fab Sports Bra Review  
Rachel Susanne Sears - Professional Triathlete  
Revlon Run/Walk for Women  
Run Far Girl   By Sarah E. Canney
Run Fierce!   "Running Shirts & accessories for Women & kids"
Run Her   "Run. Laugh. Share. Inspire."
Run Her Planet   "Run The Planet's Webpage Dedicated To Female Runners"
Run Like A Woman.com   "Inspiring Female Fitness"
RunnerMom   "Your practical site for women's running"
Runner's World - Women Only  
Runner's World Women's Running Forum  
RunnerGirl.com - Supporting your healthy, active lifestyle  
Running 4 Women   " Women focused running site, information on health, fittness, starting out, products and events"
RunningForWomen.com   " Inspiration and Support for WOmen Runners"
RunningArt.com   Syracuse, NY
Running Bare   "Leading women's activewear from Australia"
RunningMoms.com   "Strong Body, Strong Mind, Strong Mom."
Running Shoes - The Running Woman   "Your #1 site for Running Shoes & More"
Running Times Links for Women  
Running Times Women's Races Calendar  
Running Times Guide to Women's Running  
RunningSkirts.com   "The latest fashion in women's running apparel"
Salty Running   "Salty Running is a resource for women runners seeking to improve their training and racing"
. Save Women's Sports   "Save Women's Sports is a coalition that seeks to preserve biology-based eligibility standards for participation in female sports"
Skirts Sport   "Running Skirt, GymGirl, MarathonGirl, Nicole DeBoom, SkirtSports, TRIKS"
Ryka Shoes   For Women By Women
Sarah Jane Design   "Jewelry for running, triathlons..."
Scientific-Coaching.com   "Scientifically based coaching with a special emphasis on women riders"
See Jane Run Sports - CA   "San Francisco Bay Area Women's Running Resource Center"
ShockAbsorberworld.com   "Sports Bras"
SMA Women in Sport Fact Sheets   Sportsmedicine Australia
Sports Jewels and Accessories   "Welcome to Your Source for Radically Cool Sports Jewelry"
Sportsbyline.com   Women in Sports Feature
SportyJewels.com   "Beautiful Sports Jewellery For Runners And Triathletes"
Stroller Strides   "Stroller fitness, Stroller workouts, Prenatal exercise programs, Postnatal, workouts, Fitness franchises"
Team EnVision, A Boston Based Women's Triathlon Team  
Terry Precision Cycling for Women  
Tidewater Stroller Striders   "A fitness group for moms in Hampton Roads"
Time-to-Run Women's Section  
. Tina Muir   "Yes! It's possible to have a life, big running dreams, and fun. Really!"
Traxee.com   "Traxee is a unique community created by women runners..."
TriChic.com   "Dedicated to female triathletes"
TriGirl - UK  
Tufts Women's Running - Boston, MA
Two Roads Fitness   Clothing for Active Women
US Sports Camps - Running   Women's Running Camp
USA Triathlon Women's Commission  
Virtual 5K for Women  
Watch the Brooks Dream Video + Help a Great Cause!   "Brooks Sports Official Website"
Weight Watchers Ontario Women's Triathlon Series  
Whirling Girl Jewelry   "The finest running, triathlon and multisport jewelry available"
WinCatherine: The Story of Wincatherine Nyambura Ndereba   (More widely known as Catherine Ndereba)
Women and Sport   Australia Sports Commission
Women in Motion   Run Programs, Information, Articles
Women in Sport   Articles and Information
Women Run Canada   "Women Run Canada is a podcast that celebrates Canadian women runners"
  "THE most comprehensive women's online sport magazine"
WomenRunners.com   "A site devoted to women runners by women runners"
WRCC   "Women's Running Coaches Collective"
Women's Running UK   "Women’s Running UK is a complete digital package"
WomenRunningTogether.com   "Women Running Together, Training, Racing and Supporting Each Other"
Women's Day Shape Up Club  
Women's Exercise Network  
Women's Health Run10Feed   "Run. Influence. Change the World"
Women's Multisport Online   "The magazine for women's multisport since 1998"
Women's Running  
Women's Running Magazine  
Women's Running  
Women's Sports and Fitness  
Women's Sports Foundation
Women's Sports Net "The One Source for Women's Sports"
WomensRunning.com   From Runner's World
WWW Women's Sports Page
Women's Sports Specialties
Women Talk Sports "Your Home for Women's Sports News, Opinion and Discussion"
Women's Triathlon - Milton, ON   September 2002
Yahoo Women Triathletes Home Pages  
You Run Girl   "A Website For Average Women Runners Of All Abilities"
Zooma Women's Race Series  
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